Real-Time Implementation of a Cognitive Radio Node for Video Transmission with Dynamic Channel Selection
Ogechukwu A. Kanu, Nosa Bello |Pages: 229-239|

Abstract— This paper endeavors to exploit the extent to which the radio spectrum can be utilized by almagating and enhancing various methods proposed by previous researchers in the field. Cognitive radio research addresses the challenge of spectrum scarcity and underutilization through cognitive radio technology. The realm of cognitive radio research encompasses diverse aspects of its architecture, ranging from spectrum sensing to higher-level strategies. Notably, the navigation strategy employed by cognitive radios constitutes a pivotal layer in these implementations. Thus, this paper focuses on the real-time implementation of a cognitive radio node in a spectrum of licensed users. Leveraging the capabilities of software-defined radios, GNU Radio, GStreamer and Ubuntu OS computers, this investigation introduces a streamlined channel strategy. This strategy uses both short-term and long-term historical data, along with a buffering mechanism, to facilitate the real-time transmission of a high-definition video signal.  The successful implementation of this system yields a promising enhancement of approximately 32% in radio resource utilization. Furthermore, the sensing time of the cognitive radio experiences a significant reduction. This research contributes to the advancement of cognitive radio technology and demonstrates the consolidated strategies’ practical implications, underscoring their potential to overcome spectrum-related challenges.